Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women.
- Eat a balanced diet.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Don’t smoke.
- Limit your alcohol consumption.
- Exercise regularly.
40% of all cases of diagnosed breast cancer are detected by women who discover a lump which is why regular self-examination is so important.
How do I perform a breast self-examination?
In the shower
Using your finger pads, palpate your breast using circular patterns moving from the outer area of the breast to the centre. Palpate the whole of the breast and the armpits. Perform a breast self-examination every month to see if there are any lumps, a thickening of the tissue or knots. Take note of all changes and go to your doctor for an examination.
In front of the mirror
Carry out a visual inspection of your breasts with your arms by your side. Then raise your arms above your head. Look for any change in contour, swelling or dimpling of the skin, or changes in the nipples. Now place your hands firmly on your hips in order to tighten your chest muscles. It does not matter if the breasts are not of the same size, this is in fact rarely the case, but look for changes such as dimpled or puckered skin.
When you are lying down, the breast tissue extends evenly over the chest wall. Place a pillow under your right shoulder and your right arm behind your head. Using your left hand, move your finger pads around your right breast with small circular movements applying light but firm pressure, covering the entire area of the breast and the armpit. Squeeze your nipples and check if there is any discharge or lump. Repeat these steps on the left.